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Today is:March 16, 2017
General Guidelines

The Tree Climber Coalition

Recommended Guidelines
for Programmed Recreational Tree Climbs

The following document is the result of a request from a number of people to inspect the guidelines under which “programmed” recreational tree climbs are administered. This document applies only to "program" or "facilitated" climbs offered by agencies, individuals, or institutions operating under liability conditions necessitating such guidelines. This document does not apply to individuals and/or groups climbing informally and under conditions outside the offerings of formal programs.

Recommendations for personnel administering a program climb

• All program climbs shall be administered by instructors and facilitators who have received training as facilitators and/or instructors from a recognized trainer or training entity, as well as training in basic recreational tree climbing.

• Instructors and facilitators shall be familiar with, and have on hand, any documents that are required from participants, such as waivers and release forms.

• Instructors and facilitators shall be familiar with guidelines and policies specific to the location of the climb and the administering host/partner agency.

• Instructors and facilitators shall be familiar with the tree to be climbed and the equipment to be used

Recommendations for equipment to be used for program climbs

• All equipment used in “life-support” applications shall be equipment manufactured specifically for use with any accepted rope-assisted climbing activity by reputable, well-known manufacturers and shall be used only in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations.

• Equipment shall be inspected and maintained following each climbing event and replaced, as needed, in accordance with recommendations from manufacturers.

• Only arborist ropes are to be used, and must be inspected before and after every climb.

• All equipment shall be inspected before and after each climb, and that equipment that does not pass such inspection shall be dealt with in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions and recommendations.

Recommendations for conducting the climb

• The climbing site including the tree, and the area surrounding the tree, shall be inspected for hazards before being rigged and prior to the beginning of the climb.

• The tree shall be rigged by facilitators and instructors only. All rigging, including knots, shall be inspected prior to the climb by the designated “lead” facilitator.

• At least one setting shall be rigged for rescue and facilitation purposes only. At least one facilitator shall always be “rigged and ready” to climb, in the event of an emergency.

• Participants will complete, sign or have signed by parent/guardian, and submit all necessary documents, such as waivers or releases, prior to climbing.

• All climbers and, if appropriate, all parents and guardians of climbers, shall receive proper orientation and introduction to safety procedures prior to climbing. Climbing techniques and safety protocols shall be demonstrated.

• Parents or guardians of underage participants shall remain in the vicinity of the climb and be available if needed.

• All climbing shall occur “on rope”. Free climbing, or “off rope” climbing, is not permitted, and will result in immediate cessation of that climber's participation in the event.

• The facilitator-to-climber ratio, as established by the administering agency, shall be adhered to. This ratio shall not exceed 6:1.

• All climbers shall be fitted into harnesses and other equipment by facilitators and inspected to ensure a proper and secure fit.

• All climbers shall be attached to climbing ropes by facilitators and inspected to ensure a proper and secure attachment

• All loose items shall be secured to the climber before the climber leaves the ground.

• Once climbers are “on rope” and off the ground, ascent and descent procedures should be re-stated and the climber questioned by the facilitator to ensure that procedures are understood.

• As climbers advance, facilitators shall make sure that safety knots are placed in climber’s ropes at appropriate intervals.

• Facilitators shall remain vigilant to rwecognize potential problems. Such problems include weather, personality issues, outside distractions, and parents who may “coach” their children in an inappropriate manner.

, • All climbing shall adhere to a policy of Challenge By Choice.

• Onlookers , bystanders, and parents/guardians are to be discouraged from interfering in any way with facilitator’s efforts to conduct a safe and successful climb.

• All descents shall be monitored by facilitators with a hand on the climber’s rope.

• Participants shall be relieved of their gear immediately following the climb by facilitators.

• Facilitators will ensure that all gear has been returned.

Recommendations for an emergency action plan

• Instructors and facilitators shall have an emergency action plan discussed and in place before the start of the activity.

• All instructors and facilitators administering a programmed climb shall have First Aid/CPR certification via Red Cross or other recognized agency.

• All instructors and facilitators shall have received instruction in rescue techniques applicable for the type of climb to be conducted and be familiar with all rescue gear provided at the climbing site.

• An appropriate-sized first aid kit shall be available at every climb. The first aid kit will be inspected and re-stocked following all climbs.

• A telephone (or cell phone) shall be accessible, or the whereabouts of the nearest phone known, with a list of emergency numbers.

Recommended post-climb procedures

• De-rigging the tree shall be performed by facilitator personnel

• All gear shall be inspected for damage before being stored.

• An after-action review, or debriefing, shall occur in which all issues concerning the climb shall be discussed.

• Accident report forms and after-action report forms shall be filled out after the climb as needed.

Recommendations for adaptive climbs

In addition to the recommendations above:

• Facilitators shall have received training in adaptive climbing systems from a recognized trainer or training entity.

• Medical personnel familiar with the climbers' conditions and needs shall be present to oversee the climb, or have been consulted about specific recommendations for individual climbers, and to make recommendations concerning connections between climbers and the support system.

A further recommendation

All individuals, agencies, and institutions offering programmed climbing should create a set of guidelines specific to their own circumstances and their own area of climbing. Such guidelines may be added to the guidelines appearing above and where necessary, shall replace or supercede those recommendations offered in this document.

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